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baraka jewelry

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Using  baraka jewelry has always been very extended inside the Yemeni society, and it's an interesting fact, that Jews and Muslims wore different pieces of  baraka jewelry. There was a huge difference in the use involving traditional  baraka jewelry, from one part of the country to other areas, what was worn when was clearly defined with each place.

The ambar beads were mostly as used by Sanaani Muslim women, in rural areas was furthermore worn by Jewish young ladies.

 baraka jewelry

Rural areas presented a lesser amount of differences than big towns like Sana'a. The city life with regard to Jews was more inside and had less exposure to the Muslim population.

The majority of the jewelers were Jewish themselves and they also used to work plenty of hours in minimum details to generate that beauties made involving fine filigree.

The fact that the costume for Judaism and for Muslim girls was different, shows another cause of the different  baraka jewelry donned. Muslim women used to wear headscarves, and Judaism women wore a complement called gargush, that appears to be a hood. The  baraka jewelry needed by Muslim women was mostly to keep the scarves together. The Jewish  baraka jewelry were pieces to enhance the hood, like filigree silver, silver brooches, coins much like the Maria Theresia Thaler, and lots of dangling beads. Some from the pendants on the gargush had the contour of daylife things much like the grains of wheat as well as barley, used to make everyday bread. The shapes representing the fertility from the nature give a symbolic meaning for the costume and  baraka jewelry.

Other interesting aspect inside the relations between Muslim and also Jewish in Yemen was the belief that for some specific situations, it was important to wear  baraka jewelry manufactured by "the other" meaning who's not us, our community or manufactured by a foreigner. Those  baraka jewelry were supposed to get a special blessing (baraka). The dugags of spheric beads where normally as used by Muslim women daily, but Jewish women helpful to wear them specially around the wedding day. Jewish children also use to don spheric dugags for additional protection. The special take care of women and children emanates from the exposure to many pregnancies without health care and the natural vulnerability from the children.

Jewish silversmiths helpful to have Muslim and Judaism customers, they also helpful to work for the regal Muslims, working specially with gold instead of the usual silver. These jewelers also worked doing decoration with the daggers worn by Muslims but is not by the Jewish adult males. This decoration includes some areas of the dagger like amulets and also other accessories used with the belt and the djambia
 baraka jewelry

It´s an interesting point that a number of the jewelers were rabbis, they helpful to study the sacred texts plus dedicate their life to silversmithing. What i uncover very interesting is which, as they were sudents from the Kabalah and the Holy bible, they knew the symbolic meaning if the designs, their amuletic connotations and their connection to the Kabalistic texts. The fine techniques employed in the creation of Yemeni necklaces was passed generation soon after generation as family tricks  baraka jewelry.

 baraka jewelry

 baraka jewelry
 During the last Imam tip of Yemen, some Jewish silvermiths were called to teach their knowledge to Muslim jewelers, as most of the Jewish community was leaving the country to attend The Holy Land. Nowadays there are several newly Jewish style jewelry, but the original antique ones show the best techniques, like the Bedihi granulation and the finest examples of Bawsani filigree  baraka jewelry.


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